Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics
Center for Nephrology and Metabolic Disorders

Central diabetes insipidus

Central diabetes insipidus results from inappropriate production of the antidiuretic hormone arginine vasopressin and can ameliorated by hormone supplementation.

Differentials

There are several aquired conditions which result in syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
secretion (SIADH).

Symptoms

Polyuria
Polyuria can be remarkably reduced with AVP administration.

Systematic

Hereditary diabetes insipidus
Central diabetes insipidus
AVP
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
Wolfram syndrome

References:

1.

Bahnsen U et al. (1992) A missense mutation in the vasopressin-neurophysin precursor gene cosegregates with human autosomal dominant neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus.

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2.

Ito M et al. (1991) A single base substitution in the coding region for neurophysin II associated with familial central diabetes insipidus.

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3.

Ito M et al. (1993) Possible involvement of inefficient cleavage of preprovasopressin by signal peptidase as a cause for familial central diabetes insipidus.

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4.

Grant FD et al. (1998) Two novel mutations of the vasopressin gene associated with familial diabetes insipidus and identification of an asymptomatic carrier infant.

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5.

Orphanet article

Orphanet ID 178029 [^]
6.

OMIM.ORG article

Omim 125700 [^]
7.

Wikipedia article

Wikipedia EN (Central_diabetes_insipidus) [^]
Update: May 9, 2019