Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics
Center for Nephrology and Metabolic Disorders

Growth retardation

The stature is shorter than the age related normal range.

Classification

A short stature can be divided into those with proportional growth retardtion of all limbs and types with dysproportional shortening or deformity. The latter can be further divided rhizomelic, mesomelic and acromelic

Rhizomelia

Rhizomelia is defined as dysproportion or deformity of the proximal limb that is shoulder and arm as well as hip and thigh.

Mesomelia

Mesomelia is defined as dysproportion or deformity of the middle limb that is forearm and leg.

Acromelia

Acromelia is defined as dysproportion or deformity of the distal limb that is hand and foot.

Diseases

Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis
A disproportional short stature is typical, called mesomelia.
Osteoglophonic dysplasia
Dwarfism results from disturbed bone growth and short limbs.
X-linked familial short stature
Short stature is disproportionate with signs of mesomelia.
Y-linked familial short stature
Short stature is disproportionate with signs of mesomelia.
Update: Sept. 26, 2018

 

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