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Bone morphogenetic protein 4

The BMP4 gene encodes a hormone which binds to the TGF-beta receptor. The hormone is involveld in regulation of heart development and adipogenesis. Mutations cause autosomal dominant syndromic microphthalmia 6 which also involves urogenital malformations, and if restricted to facial dysmorphisms only, orofacial cleft 11 may be observed.

Genetests:

Clinic Method Carrier testing
Turnaround 5 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Clinic Method Massive parallel sequencing
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Clinic Method Genomic sequencing of the entire coding region
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Research Method Multiplex Ligation-Dependent Probe Amplification
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA

Related Diseases:

Syndromic microphthalmia 6
BMP4
Orofacial cleft 11
BMP4

References:

1.

Zhu NL et al. (2004) NKX2.1 regulates transcription of the gene for human bone morphogenetic protein-4 in lung epithelial cells.

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2.

Shore EM et al. (1998) The human bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP-4) gene: molecular structure and transcriptional regulation.

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3.

Tucker AS et al. (1998) Transformation of tooth type induced by inhibition of BMP signaling.

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4.

Thomas BL et al. (2000) Independent regulation of Dlx2 expression in the epithelium and mesenchyme of the first branchial arch.

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5.

Dooley CA et al. (2000) Bone morphogenetic protein inhibits ovarian androgen production.

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6.

Monsoro-Burq A et al. (2001) BMP4 plays a key role in left-right patterning in chick embryos by maintaining Sonic Hedgehog asymmetry.

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7.

Chen Y et al. (2002) In vivo new bone formation by direct transfer of adenoviral-mediated bone morphogenetic protein-4 gene.

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8.

Paez-Pereda M et al. (2003) Involvement of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP-4) in pituitary prolactinoma pathogenesis through a Smad/estrogen receptor crosstalk.

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9.

Jiao K et al. (2003) An essential role of Bmp4 in the atrioventricular septation of the mouse heart.

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10.

Cheng H et al. (2003) Osteogenic activity of the fourteen types of human bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs).

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11.

Haramis AP et al. (2004) De novo crypt formation and juvenile polyposis on BMP inhibition in mouse intestine.

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12.

Tang QQ et al. (2004) Commitment of C3H10T1/2 pluripotent stem cells to the adipocyte lineage.

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13.

Bowers RR et al. (2006) Stable stem cell commitment to the adipocyte lineage by inhibition of DNA methylation: role of the BMP-4 gene.

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14.

Fuller ML et al. (2007) Bone morphogenetic proteins promote gliosis in demyelinating spinal cord lesions.

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15.

Wang X et al. (2008) Type IV collagens regulate BMP signalling in Drosophila.

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16.

Bénazet JD et al. (2009) A self-regulatory system of interlinked signaling feedback loops controls mouse limb patterning.

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17.

Goldman DC et al. (2009) BMP4 regulates the hematopoietic stem cell niche.

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18.

van den Wijngaard A et al. (1996) Genomic organization of the human bone morphogenetic protein-4 gene: molecular basis for multiple transcripts.

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19.

Wandzioch E et al. (2009) Dynamic signaling network for the specification of embryonic pancreas and liver progenitors.

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20.

Cejalvo T et al. (2007) Bone morphogenetic protein-2/4 signalling pathway components are expressed in the human thymus and inhibit early T-cell development.

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21.

Plikus MV et al. (2008) Cyclic dermal BMP signalling regulates stem cell activation during hair regeneration.

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22.

Dickinson ME et al. (1990) Chromosomal localization of seven members of the murine TGF-beta superfamily suggests close linkage to several morphogenetic mutant loci.

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23.

Kan L et al. (2004) Transgenic mice overexpressing BMP4 develop a fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP)-like phenotype.

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24.

Shafritz AB et al. (1996) Overexpression of an osteogenic morphogen in fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva.

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25.

Wordinger RJ et al. (2007) Effects of TGF-beta2, BMP-4, and gremlin in the trabecular meshwork: implications for glaucoma.

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26.

Piccirillo SG et al. (2006) Bone morphogenetic proteins inhibit the tumorigenic potential of human brain tumour-initiating cells.

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27.

Bakrania P et al. (2008) Mutations in BMP4 cause eye, brain, and digit developmental anomalies: overlap between the BMP4 and hedgehog signaling pathways.

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28.

Reis LM et al. (2011) BMP4 loss-of-function mutations in developmental eye disorders including SHORT syndrome.

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29.

Liu W et al. (2005) Distinct functions for Bmp signaling in lip and palate fusion in mice.

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30.

Suzuki S et al. (2009) Mutations in BMP4 are associated with subepithelial, microform, and overt cleft lip.

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31.

Furuta Y et al. (1998) BMP4 is essential for lens induction in the mouse embryo.

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32.

van den Wijngaard A et al. (1995) Fine mapping of the human bone morphogenetic protein-4 gene (BMP4) to chromosome 14q22-q23 by in situ hybridization.

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33.

Tabas JA et al. (1993) Chromosomal assignment of the human gene for bone morphogenetic protein 4.

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34.

None (1996) Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva -- lessons from rare maladies.

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35.

Orphanet article

Orphanet ID 140047 external link
36.

NCBI article

NCBI 652 external link
37.

OMIM.ORG article

Omim 112262 external link
38.

Wikipedia article

Wikipedia EN (Bone_morphogenetic_protein_4) external link
Update: Aug. 14, 2020
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