A complex of nephrological symptoms dominated by haematuria and hypertension is called nephritic syndrome.
The diagnosis is made by the urinary sediment. Glomerular dysmorphic erythrocytes, acanthocytes, are found predominantly. Also red blood cell casts may be present. Often accompanied by mild to moderate proteinuria, oedema, hypertension, and elevated serum creatinine.
Weber S et al. (2005) Recurrence of focal-segmental glomerulosclerosis in children after renal transplantation: clinical and genetic aspects.[^]
Tryggvason K et al. (2006) Thin basement membrane nephropathy.[^]
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Winn MP et al. (2003) Approach to the evaluation of heritable diseases and update on familial focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.[^]